Dr Filip Biljecki · Presidential Young Professor · NUS · Singapore

Hello, I am a GIScientist at the National University of Singapore where I have established the NUS Urban Analytics Lab. My background is in Geomatic engineering, and I am jointly appointed as faculty at the Department of Architecture and the Department of Real Estate, School of Design and Environment. I hold a PhD degree (with highest honours, top 5%) in 3D GIS from the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands, where I also did my MSc in Geomatics. Feel free to get in touch about some of the topics listed on this website or about my research group.

Additional appointments

  • Open Geospatial Consortium, 3DIM DWG -- Co-Chair

  • PLOS ONE -- Academic Editor for Geoinformatics

  • Open Geospatial Data, Standards and Software -- Editorial Board Member

  • International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, WG IV/10: Advanced Geospatial Applications for Smart Cities and Regions -- Board Member

  • International Journal of Digital Innovation in the Built Environment -- Editorial Board Member

  • World Economic Forum, Global Future Council on Cities and Urbanization -- Fellow (2018-2020)

Research interests

  • 3D city modelling, digital twins

  • Spatial data infrastructure

  • Volunteered geoinformation/OpenStreetMap

  • Geographic/urban data science

  • Spatial data quality and propagation of uncertainty




My research group and openings

My newly established group, the Urban Analytics Lab, is open to talented and highly motivated PhD candidates and postdoctoral research fellows who aspire to work on thrilling topics in the domain of GIScience, 3D city modelling and geographic data science in Singapore. Feel free to read more about our work and job opportunities on the website of the Lab.

Awards and honours (selected)

  • Presidential Young Professorship (NUS), 2020

  • buildingSMART International Special Distinction Winner for Innovation, 2019

  • EuroSDR (association of European national mapping and cadastral agencies, and universities) award for the best PhD thesis related to GIS in Europe, 2017

  • PhD degree conferred with highest honours (given at Dutch universities for top 5% best theses), 2017

  • 3D GeoInfo best paper award, 2017

  • Austrian Academy of Sciences -- Young Researcher Award in GIScience, 2016


My publications


Preprints

01

    Roofpedia: Automatic mapping of green and solar roofs for an open roofscape registry and evaluation of urban sustainability
    Abraham Noah Wu, Filip Biljecki
    arXiv preprint, arXiv:2012.14349

Peer-reviewed

58

    Hierarchical (Multi-Label) Architectural Image Recognition and Classification
    Jielin Chen, Rudi Stouffs, Filip Biljecki
    Proceedings of the 26th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA) 2021, 161-170, 2021.
    PDF     Open access Award

    @inproceedings{2021_caadria_aida,
        author = {Chen, Jielin and Stouffs, Rudi and Biljecki, Filip},
        booktitle = {Proceedings of the 26th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA) 2021},
        pages = {161--170},
        title = {{Hierarchical (Multi-Label) Architectural Image Recognition and Classification}},
        volume = {1},
        year = {2021}}
    

57

    3dfier: automatic reconstruction of 3D city models
    Hugo Ledoux, Filip Biljecki, Balázs Dukai, Kavisha Kumar, Ravi Peters, Jantien Stoter, Tom Commandeur
    Journal of Open Source Software, 6(57): 2866, 2021.
    PDF   DOI   Code   Video     Open access

    @article{2021_joss_3dfier,
        author = {Ledoux, Hugo and Biljecki, Filip and Dukai, Bal{\'a}zs and Kumar, Kavisha and Peters, Ravi and Stoter, Jantien and Commandeur, Tom},
        doi = {10.21105/joss.02866},
        journal = {Journal of Open Source Software},
        number = {57},
        pages = {2866},
        title = {{3dfier: automatic reconstruction of 3D city models}},
        volume = {6},
        year = {2021}
    }

56

    3D city models for urban farming site identification in buildings
    Ankit Palliwal, Shuang Song, Hugh Tiang Wah Tan, Filip Biljecki
    Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 86: 101584, 2021.
    PDF   DOI   Press release     Press release

    @article{2021_ceus_3d_farming,
     author = {Palliwal, Ankit and Song, Shuang and Tan, Hugh Tiang Wah and Biljecki, Filip},
     doi = {10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2020.101584},
     journal = {Computers, Environment and Urban Systems},
     pages = {101584},
     title = {3D city models for urban farming site identification in buildings},
     volume = {86},
     year = {2021}
    }

55

    Reference study of IFC software support: the GeoBIM benchmark 2019---Part I
    Francesca Noardo, Thomas Krijnen, Ken Arroyo Ohori, Filip Biljecki, Claire Ellul, Lars Harrie, Helen Eriksson, Lorenzo Polia, Nebras Salheb, Helga Tauscher, Jordi van Liempt, Hendrik Goerne, Dean Hintz, Tim Kaiser, Cristina Leoni, Artur Warchol, Jantien Stoter
    Transactions in GIS, 25(2): 805-841, 2021.
    PDF   DOI   Data     Open access

    @article{2021_tgis_geobim_ifc,
        author = {Noardo, Francesca and Krijnen, Thomas and Ohori, Ken Arroyo and Biljecki, Filip and Ellul, Claire and Harrie, Lars and Eriksson, Helen and Polia, Lorenzo and Salheb, Nebras and Tauscher, Helga and Liempt, Jordi and Goerne, Hendrik and Hintz, Dean and Kaiser, Tim and Leoni, Cristina and Warchol, Artur and Stoter, Jantien},
        doi = {10.1111/tgis.12709},
        journal = {Transactions in GIS},
        volume = {25},
        pages = {805-841},
        issue = {2},
        title = {{Reference study of IFC software support: The GeoBIM benchmark 2019---Part I}},
        year = {2021}
    }

54

    Reference study of CityGML software support: the GeoBIM benchmark 2019---Part II
    Francesca Noardo, Ken Arroyo Ohori, Filip Biljecki, Claire Ellul, Lars Harrie, Thomas Krijnen, Helen Eriksson, Jordi van Liempt, Maria Pla, Antonio Ruiz, Dean Hintz, Nina Krueger, Cristina Leoni, Leire Leoz, Diana Moraru, Stelios Vitalis, Philipp Willkomm, Jantien Stoter
    Transactions in GIS, 25(2): 842-868, 2021.
    PDF   DOI   Data     Open access

    @article{2021_tgis_geobim_citygml,
        author = {Noardo, Francesca and Ohori, Ken Arroyo and Biljecki, Filip and Ellul, Claire and Harrie, Lars and Krijnen, Thomas and Eriksson, Helen and Liempt, Jordi van and Pla, Maria and Ruiz, Antonio and Hintz, Dean and Krueger, Nina and Leoni, Cristina and Leoz, Leire and Moraru, Diana and Vitalis, Stelios and Willkomm, Philipp and Stoter, Jantien},
        doi = {10.1111/tgis.12710},
        journal = {Transactions in GIS},
        volume = {25},
        issue = {2},
        pages = {842-868},
        title = {{Reference study of CityGML software support: The GeoBIM benchmark 2019---Part II}},
        year = {2021}
    }

53

    Extending CityGML for IFC-sourced 3D city models
    Filip Biljecki, Joie Lim, James Crawford, Diana Moraru, Helga Tauscher, Amol Konde, Kamel Adouane, Simon Lawrence, Patrick Janssen, Rudi Stouffs
    Automation in Construction, 121: 103440, 2021.
    PDF   DOI    

    @article{2021_autcon_ifc_citygml_ade, 
    title = {{Extending CityGML for IFC-sourced 3D city models}}, 
      author = {Biljecki, Filip and Lim, Joie and Crawford, James and Moraru, Diana and Tauscher, Helga and Konde, Amol and Adouane, Kamel and Lawrence, Simon and Janssen, Patrick and Stouffs, Rudi}, 
      journal = {Automation in Construction}, 
      doi = {10.1016/j.autcon.2020.103440}, 
      pages = {103440}, 
      volume = {121}, 
      year = {2021}
    }

52

    Tools for BIM-GIS Integration (IFC Georeferencing and Conversions): Results from the GeoBIM Benchmark 2019
    Francesca Noardo, Lars Harrie, Ken Arroyo Ohori, Filip Biljecki, Claire Ellul, Thomas Krijnen, Helen Eriksson, Dogus Guler, Dean Hintz, Mojgan A Jadidi, Maria Pla, Santi Sanchez, Ville-Pekka Soini, Rudi Stouffs, Jernej Tekavec, Jantien Stoter
    ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 9(9): 502, 2020.
    PDF   DOI   Data     Open access Cover story

    @article{2020_ijgi_geobim_integration,
     author = {Noardo, Francesca and Harrie, Lars and Ohori, Ken Arroyo and Biljecki, Filip and Ellul, Claire and Krijnen, Thomas and Eriksson, Helen and Guler, Dogus and Hintz, Dean and Jadidi, Mojgan A and Pla, Maria and Sanchez, Santi and Soini, Ville-Pekka and Stouffs, Rudi and Tekavec, Jernej and Stoter, Jantien},
     doi = {10.3390/ijgi9090502},
     journal = {ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information},
     number = {9},
     pages = {502},
     title = {Tools for BIM-GIS Integration (IFC Georeferencing and Conversions): Results from the GeoBIM Benchmark 2019},
     volume = {9},
     year = {2020}
    }

51

    Exploration of open data in Southeast Asia to generate 3D building models
    Filip Biljecki
    ISPRS Annals of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, VI-4/W1-2020: 37-44, 2020.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2020_3dgeoinfo_3d_asean,
     author = {Biljecki, F},
     doi = {10.5194/isprs-annals-vi-4-w1-2020-37-2020},
     journal = {ISPRS Annals of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences},
     pages = {37--44},
     title = {Exploration of open data in Southeast Asia to generate 3D building models},
     volume = {VI-4/W1-2020},
     year = {2020}
    }

50

    Visualising detailed CityGML and ADE at the building scale
    Joie Lim, Patrick Janssen, Filip Biljecki
    Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLIV-4/W1-2020: 83-90, 2020.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2020_3dgeoinfo_ade_visualisation,
     author = {Lim, J and Janssen, P and Biljecki, F},
     doi = {10.5194/isprs-archives-xliv-4-w1-2020-83-2020},
     journal = {Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
     pages = {83--90},
     title = {Visualising detailed CityGML and ADE at the building scale},
     volume = {XLIV-4/W1-2020},
     year = {2020}
    }

49

    The ISPRS-EuroSDR GeoBIM benchmark 2019
    Francesca Noardo, Ken Arroyo Ohori, Filip Biljecki, Claire Ellul, Lars Harrie, Thomas Krijnen, Margarita Kokla, Jantien Stoter
    Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLIII-B5-2020: 227--233, 2020.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2020_isprs_geobim,
     author = {Noardo, F and Arroyo Ohori, K and Biljecki, F and Ellul, C and Harrie, L and Krijnen, T and Kokla, M and Stoter, J},
     doi = {10.5194/isprs-archives-xliii-b5-2020-227-2020},
     journal = {Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
     pages = {227--233},
     title = {The ISPRS-EuroSDR GeoBIM benchmark 2019},
     volume = {XLIII-B5-2020},
     year = {2020}
    }

48

    Assessing global OpenStreetMap building completeness to generate large-scale 3D city models
    Filip Biljecki, Ang Li Min
    Proceedings of the Academic Track at the State of the Map 2020, 5-6, 2020.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @inproceedings{2020_sotm_3d,
        Author = {Biljecki, Filip and Ang, Li Min},
        Booktitle = {Proceedings of the Academic Track at the State of the Map 2020},
        Doi = {10.5281/zenodo.3922285},
        Month = jul,
        Pages = {5-6},
        Publisher = {Zenodo},
        Title = {{Assessing global OpenStreetMap building completeness to generate large-scale 3D city models}},
        Url = {https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3922285},
        Year = 2020}

47

    How might an LoD Logic Framework Help to Bridge the 3D Cadastre Research-to-Practice Gap? A Proposal for a Level of Implementation Framework
    Jantien Stoter, Filip Biljecki, Serene Ho
    Proceedings of the FIG Working Week 2020, 1-13, 2020.
    PDF     Open access

    @inproceedings{2020_fig_lod,
     address = {Amsterdam, the Netherlands},
     author = {Stoter, Jantien and Biljecki, Filip and Ho, Serene},
     booktitle = {FIG Working Week 2020},
     pages = {1--13},
     title = {How might an LoD Logic Framework Help to Bridge the 3D Cadastre Research-to-Practice Gap? A Proposal for a Level of Implementation Framework},
     year = {2020}
    }

46

    An application-driven LOD modeling paradigm for 3D building models
    Lei Tang, Shen Ying, Lin Li, Filip Biljecki, HaiHong Zhu, Yi Zhu, Fan Yang, Fei Su
    ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 161: 194-207, 2020.
    PDF   DOI  

    @article{2020_ijprs_application_lod,
        author = {Tang, Lei and Ying, Shen and Li, Lin and Biljecki, Filip and Zhu, HaiHong and Zhu, Yi and Yang, Fan and Su, Fei},
        title = {{An application-driven LOD modeling paradigm for 3D building models}},
        journal = {ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing},
        year = {2020},
        volume = {161},
        pages = {194--207},
        doi = {10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2020.01.019}
    }

45

    The implementation of big data analysis in regulating online short-term rental business: a case of Airbnb in Beijing
    Jialin Li, Filip Biljecki
    ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., IV-4/W9: 79-86, 2019.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2019_sdsc_airbnb_beijing,
        author = {Li, Jialin and Biljecki, Filip},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-annals-IV-4-W9-79-2019},
        journal = {ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        pages = {79--86},
        title = {The implementation of big data analysis in regulating online short-term rental business: a case of Airbnb in Beijing},
        volume = {IV-4/W9},
        year = {2019}
    }
    

44

    Raise the roof: towards generating LoD2 models without aerial surveys using machine learning
    Filip Biljecki, Youness Dehbi
    ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., IV-4/W8: 27-34, 2019.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2019_inferring_roof_type,
        author = {Biljecki, F and Dehbi, Y},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-annals-IV-4-W8-27-2019},
        journal = {ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        pages = {27--34},
        title = {Raise the roof: towards generating LoD2 models without aerial surveys using machine learning},
        volume = {IV-4/W8},
        year = {2019}
    }
    

43

    Graph transformation rules for IFC-to-CityGML attribute conversion
    Joie Lim, Helga Tauscher, Filip Biljecki
    ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., IV-4/W8: 83-90, 2019.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2019_graph_transformation_rules_ifc_citygml,
        author = {Lim, J and Tauscher, H and Biljecki, F},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-annals-IV-4-W8-83-2019},
        journal = {ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        pages = {83--90},
        title = {Graph transformation rules for IFC-to-CityGML attribute conversion},
        volume = {IV-4/W8},
        year = {2019}
    }
    

42

    GeoBIM benchmark 2019: intermediate results
    Francesca Noardo, Filip Biljecki, Giorgio Agugiaro, Ken Arroyo Ohori, Claire Ellul, Lars Harrie, Jantien Stoter
    Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-4/W15: 47-52, 2019.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2019_geobim_intermediate,
        author = {Noardo, F and Biljecki, F and Agugiaro, G and Arroyo Ohori, K and Ellul, C and Harrie, L and Stoter, J},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-4-W15-47-2019},
        journal = {Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        pages = {47--52},
        title = {GeoBIM benchmark 2019: intermediate results},
        volume = {XLII-4/W15},
        year = {2019}
    }
    

41

    Considerations for a contemporary 3D cadastre for our times
    Jantien Stoter, Serene Ho, Filip Biljecki
    Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-4/W15: 81-88, 2019.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2019_considerations_3d_cadastre,
        author = {Stoter, J and Ho, S and Biljecki, F},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-4-W15-81-2019},
        journal = {Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        pages = {81--88},
        title = {Considerations for a contemporary 3D cadastre for our times},
        volume = {XLII-4/W15},
        year = {2019}
    }
    

40

    Quality of BIM-GIS conversion
    Filip Biljecki, Helga Tauscher
    ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., IV-4/W8: 35-42, 2019.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2019_bim_gis_quality,
        author = {Biljecki, F and Tauscher, H},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-annals-IV-4-W8-35-2019},
        journal = {ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        pages = {35--42},
        title = {Quality of BIM--GIS conversion},
        volume = {IV-4/W8},
        year = {2019}
    }
    

39

    GeoBIM benchmark 2019: design and initial results
    Francesca Noardo, Ken Arroyo Ohori, Filip Biljecki, Thomas Krijnen, Claire Ellul, Lars Harrie, Jantien Stoter
    Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-2-W13: 1339-1346, 2019.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2019_gsw_geobim_benchmark,
        author = {Noardo, F and Arroyo Ohori, K and Biljecki, F and Krijnen, T and Ellul, C and Harrie, L and Stoter, J},
        title = {{GeoBIM benchmark 2019: design and initial results}},
        journal = {Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        year = {2019},
        volume = {XLII-2-W13},
        pages = {1339--1346},
        month = jun,
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-2-W13-1339-2019}
    }

38

    Linking Persistent Scatterers to the Built Environment using Ray-Tracing on Urban Models
    Mengshi Yang, Paco López-Dekker, Prabu Dheenathayalan, Filip Biljecki, Mingsheng Liao, Ramon F. Hanssen
    IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 57(8): 5764-5776, 2019.
    PDF   DOI  

    @article{2019_tgrs_ps3d,
        author = {Yang, Mengshi and López-Dekker, Paco and Dheenathayalan, Prabu and Biljecki, Filip and Liao, Mingsheng and Hanssen, Ramon F.},
        title = {{Linking Persistent Scatterers to the Built Environment using Ray-Tracing on Urban Models}},
        journal = {IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing},
        year = {2019},
        volume = {57},
        number = {8},
        pages = {5764--5776},
        doi = {10.1109/TGRS.2019.2901904}
    }

37

    Achieving Complete and Near-Lossless Conversion from IFC to CityGML
    Rudi Stouffs, Helga Tauscher, Filip Biljecki
    ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 7(9): 355, 2018.
    PDF   DOI     Open access  

    @article{2018_ijgi_ifc2citygml,
        author = {Stouffs, Rudi and Tauscher, Helga and Biljecki, Filip},
        title = {{Achieving Complete and Near-Lossless Conversion from IFC to CityGML}},
        journal = {ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information},
        year = {2018},
        volume = {7},
        number = {9},
        pages = {355},
        doi = {10.3390/ijgi7090355}
    }

36

    CityGML Application Domain Extension (ADE): overview of developments
    Filip Biljecki, Kavisha Kumar, Claus Nagel
    Open Geospatial Data, Software and Standards, 3: 13, 2018.
    PDF   DOI     Open access  

    @article{2018_ogdss_ade,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Kumar, Kavisha and Nagel, Claus},
        title = {{CityGML Application Domain Extension (ADE): overview of developments}},
        journal = {Open Geospatial Data, Software and Standards},
        year = {2018},
        volume = {3},
        number = {1},
        pages = {13},
        doi = {10.1186/s40965-018-0055-6}
    }
    

35

    The effect of acquisition error and level of detail on the accuracy of spatial analyses
    Filip Biljecki, Gerard Heuvelink, Hugo Ledoux, Jantien Stoter
    Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 45(2): 156-176, 2018.
    PDF   DOI     Open access  

    @article{2018_cagis_lod_error_propagation,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Heuvelink, Gerard B M and Ledoux, Hugo and Stoter, Jantien},
        title = {{The effect of acquisition error and level of detail on the accuracy of spatial analyses}},
        journal = {Cartography and Geographic Information Science},
        year = {2018},
        volume = {45},
        number = {2},
        pages = {156--176},
        doi = {10.1080/15230406.2017.1279986}
    }

34

    Floor plans in CityGML
    Amol Konde, Helga Tauscher, Filip Biljecki, James Crawford
    ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., IV-4/W6: 25-32, 2018.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2018_floor_plans_citygml,
        author = {Konde, Amol and Tauscher, Helga and Biljecki, Filip and Crawford, James},
        title = {{Floor plans in CityGML}},
        journal = {ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        year = {2018},
        volume = {IV-4/W6},
        pages = {25--32},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-annals-IV-4-W6-25-2018}
    }

33

    A sliding window method for detecting corners of openings from terrestrial lidar data
    Jiaqiang Li, Biao Xiong, Filip Biljecki, Gerhard Schrotter
    Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-4/W10: 97-103, 2018.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2018_sliding_window,
        author = {Li, Jiaqiang and Xiong, Biao and Biljecki, Filip and Schrotter, Gerhard},
        title = {{A sliding window method for detecting corners of openings from terrestrial lidar data}},
        journal = {Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        year = {2018},
        volume = {XLII-4/W10},
        pages = {97--103},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-4-W10-97-2018}
    }

32

    Modeling Cities and Landscapes in 3D with CityGML
    Ken Arroyo Ohori, Filip Biljecki, Kavisha Kumar, Hugo Ledoux, Jantien Stoter
    Building Information Modeling, André Borrmann, Markus König, Christian Koch, Jakob Beetz (eds.), pp. 199-215, 2018.
    PDF   DOI  

    @incollection{2018_CityGML_BIM_modeling,
        author = {Arroyo Ohori, Ken and Biljecki, Filip and Kumar, Kavisha and Ledoux, Hugo and Stoter, Jantien},
        title = {{Modeling Cities and Landscapes in 3D with CityGML}},
        booktitle = {Building Information Modeling},
        year = {2018},
        pages = {199--215},
        publisher = {Springer, Cham},
        address = {Cham},
        doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-92862-3_11}
    }

31

    Does a finer level of detail of a 3D city model bring an improvement for estimating shadows?
    Filip Biljecki, Hugo Ledoux, Jantien Stoter
    Advances in 3D Geoinformation, Alias Abdul-Rahman (ed.), pp. 31-47, 2017.
    PDF   DOI  

    @incollection{2017_3dgeoinfo_shadows,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Ledoux, Hugo and Stoter, Jantien},
        title = {{Does a Finer Level of Detail of a 3D City Model Bring an Improvement for Estimating Shadows?}},
        booktitle = {Advances in 3D Geoinformation},
        year = {2017},
        pages = {31--47},
        publisher = {Springer International Publishing},
        address = {Cham},
        doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-25691-7_2}
    }

30

    The VI-Suite: a set of environmental analysis tools with geospatial data applications
    Ryan Southall, Filip Biljecki
    Open Geospatial Data, Software and Standards, 2: 23, 2017.
    PDF   DOI     Code   Open access  

    @article{2017_ogdss_visuite,
        author = {Southall, Ryan and Biljecki, Filip},
        title = {{The VI-Suite: a set of environmental analysis tools with geospatial data applications}},
        journal = {Open Geospatial Data, Software and Standards},
        year = {2017},
        volume = {2},
        pages = {23},
        doi = {10.1186/s40965-017-0036-1}
    }

29

    Registration of Multi-Level Property Rights in 3D in The Netherlands: Two Cases and Next Steps in Further Implementation
    Jantien Stoter, Hendrik Ploeger, Ruben Roes, Els van der Riet, Filip Biljecki, Hugo Ledoux, Dirco Kok, Sangmin Kim
    ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 6(6): 158, 2017.
    PDF   DOI     Open access Cover story

    @article{2017_ijgi_3d_cadastre,
        author = {Stoter, Jantien and Ploeger, Hendrik and Roes, Ruben and van der Riet, Els and Biljecki, Filip and Ledoux, Hugo and Kok, Dirco and Kim, Sangmin},
        title = {{Registration of Multi-Level Property Rights in 3D in The Netherlands: Two Cases and Next Steps in Further Implementation}},
        journal = {ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information},
        year = {2017},
        volume = {6},
        number = {6},
        pages = {158},
        doi = {10.3390/ijgi6060158}
    }

28

    Estimating building age with 3D GIS
    Filip Biljecki, Maximilian Sindram
    ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., IV-4-W5: 17-24, 2017.
    PDF   DOI     Open access Best paper award

    @article{2017_3dgeoinfo_building_age_estimation,
        author = {Biljecki, F and Sindram, M},
        title = {{Estimating building age with 3D GIS}},
        journal = {ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        year = {2017},
        volume = {IV-4-W5},
        pages = {17--24},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-annals-IV-4-W5-17-2017}
    }

27

    Generating 3D city models without elevation data
    Filip Biljecki, Hugo Ledoux, Jantien Stoter
    Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 64: 1-18, 2017.
    PDF   DOI  

    @article{2017_ceus_inferring_heights,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Ledoux, Hugo and Stoter, Jantien},
        title = {{Generating 3D city models without elevation data}},
        journal = {Computers, Environment and Urban Systems},
        year = {2017},
        volume = {64},
        pages = {1--18},
        doi = {10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2017.01.001}
    }

26

    Towards an integration of GIS and BIM data: what are the geometric and topological issues?
    Ken Arroyo Ohori, Filip Biljecki, Abdoulaye Diakité, Thomas Krijnen, Hugo Ledoux, Jantien Stoter
    ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., IV-4-W5: 1-8, 2017.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2017_3dgeoinfo_bim_gis_integration,
        author = {Arroyo Ohori, K and Biljecki, F and Diakit{\'e}, A and Krijnen, T and Ledoux, H and Stoter, J},
        title = {{Towards an integration of GIS and BIM data: what are the geometric and topological issues?}},
        journal = {ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        year = {2017},
        volume = {IV-4-W5},
        pages = {1--8},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-annals-IV-4-W5-1-2017}
    }

25

    First registration of multi-level ownership rights in 3D in the Netherlands
    Jantien Stoter, Hendrik Ploeger, Ruben Roes, Els van der Riet, Filip Biljecki, Hugo Ledoux
    5th International FIG Workshop on 3D Cadastres, 491-504, 2016.
    PDF     News   Open access

    @inproceedings{2016_3dcadastres_delft_station,
        author = {Stoter, Jantien and Ploeger, Hendrik and Roes, Ruben and van der Riet, Els and Biljecki, Filip and Ledoux, Hugo},
        title = {{First 3D Cadastral Registration of Multi-level Ownerships Rights in the Netherlands}},
        booktitle = {5th International FIG Workshop on 3D Cadastres},
        year = {2016},
        pages = {491--504},
        address = {Athens, Greece}
    }

24

    Population estimation using a 3D city model: a multi-scale country-wide study in the Netherlands
    Filip Biljecki, Ken Arroyo Ohori, Hugo Ledoux, Ravi Peters, Jantien Stoter
    PLOS ONE, 11(6): e0156808, 2016.
    PDF   DOI     Code   Data   Video   Open access

    @article{2016_plosone_population,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Arroyo Ohori, Ken and Ledoux, Hugo and Peters, Ravi and Stoter, Jantien},
        title = {{Population Estimation Using a 3D City Model: A Multi-Scale Country-Wide Study in the Netherlands}},
        journal = {PLOS ONE},
        year = {2016},
        volume = {11},
        number = {6},
        pages = {e0156808},
        doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0156808}
    }

23

    Towards automatic semantic labelling of 3D city models
    Merwin Rook, Filip Biljecki, Abdoulaye Diakité
    ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., IV-2/W1: 23-30, 2016.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2016_3dgeoinfo_semantic_classification,
        author = {Rook, M and Biljecki, F and Diakit{\'e}, A A},
        title = {{Towards automatic semantic labelling of 3D city models}},
        journal = {ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        year = {2016},
        volume = {IV-2/W1},
        pages = {23--30},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-annals-IV-2-W1-23-2016}
    }

22

    The most common geometric and semantic errors in CityGML datasets
    Filip Biljecki, Hugo Ledoux, Xin DU, Jantien Stoter, Kean Huat SOON, Victor KHOO
    ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., IV-2/W1: 13-22, 2016.
    PDF   DOI     Code   Open access

    @article{2016_3dgeoinfo_citygml_errors,
        author = {Biljecki, F and Ledoux, H and Du, X and Stoter, J and Soon, K H and Khoo, V H S},
        title = {{The most common geometric and semantic errors in CityGML datasets}},
        journal = {ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        year = {2016},
        volume = {IV-2/W1},
        pages = {13--22},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-annals-IV-2-W1-13-2016}
    }

21

    Proposal for a new LOD and multi-representation concept for CityGML
    Marc-Oliver Löwner, Gerhard Gröger, Joachim Benner, Filip Biljecki, Claus Nagel
    ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., IV-2/W1: 3-12, 2016.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2016_3dgeoinfo_lod_proposal,
        author = {L{\"o}wner, M O and Gr{\"o}ger, G and Benner, J and Biljecki, F and Nagel, C},
        title = {{Proposal for a new LOD and multi-representation concept for CityGML}},
        journal = {ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        year = {2016},
        volume = {IV-2/W1},
        pages = {3--12},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-annals-IV-2-W1-3-2016}
    }

20

    Generation of multi-LOD 3D city models in CityGML with the procedural modelling engine Random3Dcity
    Filip Biljecki, Hugo Ledoux, Jantien Stoter
    ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., IV-4/W1: 51-59, 2016.
    PDF   DOI     Code   Video   Data   Open access

    @article{2016_udms_random3dcity,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Ledoux, Hugo and Stoter, Jantien},
        title = {{Generation of multi-LOD 3D city models in CityGML with the procedural modelling engine Random3Dcity}},
        journal = {ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        vol = {IV-4/W1},
        pages = {51--59},
        year = {2016},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-annals-IV-4-W1-51-2016}
    }

19

    An improved LOD specification for 3D building models
    Filip Biljecki, Hugo Ledoux, Jantien Stoter
    Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 59: 25-37, 2016.
    PDF   DOI     Code   Video   Data

    @article{2016_ceus_improved_lod,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Ledoux, Hugo and Stoter, Jantien},
        title = {{An improved LOD specification for 3D building models}},
        journal = {Computers, Environment and Urban Systems},
        year = {2016},
        volume = {59},
        pages = {25--37},
        doi = {10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2016.04.005}
    }

18

    The variants of an LOD of a 3D building model and their influence on spatial analyses
    Filip Biljecki, Hugo Ledoux, Jantien Stoter, George Vosselman
    ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 116: 42-54, 2016.
    PDF   DOI  

    @article{2016_isprs_geometric_references,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Ledoux, Hugo and Stoter, Jantien and Vosselman, George},
        title = {{The variants of an LOD of a 3D building model and their influence on spatial analyses}},
        journal = {ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing},
        year = {2016},
        volume = {116},
        pages = {42--54},
        doi = {10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2016.03.003}
    }

17

    A scientometric analysis of selected GIScience journals
    Filip Biljecki
    International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 30(7): 1302-1335, 2016.
    PDF   DOI     Journals   Open access

    @article{2016_ijgis_scientometrics,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip},
        title = {{A scientometric analysis of selected GIScience journals}},
        journal = {International Journal of Geographical Information Science},
        year = {2016},
        volume = {30},
        number = {7},
        pages = {1302--1335},
        doi = {10.1080/13658816.2015.1130831}
    }

16

    Automatic update of road attributes by mining GPS tracks
    Karl van Winden, Filip Biljecki, Stefan van der Spek
    Transactions in GIS, 20(5): 664-683, 2016.
    PDF   DOI  

    @article{2016_tgis_automatic_road_update,
        author = {van Winden, Karl and Biljecki, Filip and van der Spek, Stefan},
        title = {{Automatic update of road attributes by mining GPS tracks}},
        journal = {Transactions in GIS},
        volume = {20},
        number = {5},
        pages = {664--683},
        year = {2016},
        doi = {10.1111/tgis.12186}
    }

15

    Towards sustainable and clean 3D Geoinformation
    Jantien Stoter, Hugo Ledoux, Sisi Zlatanova, Filip Biljecki
    Geoinformationssysteme 2016: Beiträge zur 3. Münchner GI-Runde, T. H. Kolbe et al. (eds.), pp. 110-113, 2016.
    PDF    

    @incollection{2016_mgir_suistanable_3d,
        author = {Stoter, Jantien and Ledoux, Hugo and Zlatanova, Sisi and Biljecki, Filip},
        title = {{Towards sustainable and clean 3D Geoinformation}},
        booktitle = {Geoinformationssysteme 2016: Beitr{\"a}ge zur 3. M{\"u}nchner GI-Runde},
        year = {2016},
        editor = {Kolbe, Thomas H and Bill, Ralf and Donaubauer, Andreas},
        pages = {100--113},
        address = {Munich, Germany},
        month = feb,
        publisher = {Wichmann Herbert}
    }

14

    Applications of 3D city models: state of the art review
    Filip Biljecki, Jantien Stoter, Hugo Ledoux, Sisi Zlatanova, Arzu Çöltekin
    ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 4(4): 2842-2889, 2015.
    PDF   DOI     Open access #1 cited paper in the journal

    @article{2015_ijgi_3d_applications,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Stoter, Jantien and Ledoux, Hugo and Zlatanova, Sisi and {\c C}{\"o}ltekin, Arzu},
        title = {{Applications of 3D City Models: State of the Art Review}},
        journal = {ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information},
        year = {2015},
        volume = {4},
        number = {4},
        pages = {2842--2889},
        month = dec,
        doi = {10.3390/ijgi4042842}
    }

13

    Propagation of positional error in 3D GIS: estimation of the solar irradiation of building roofs
    Filip Biljecki, Gerard Heuvelink, Hugo Ledoux, Jantien Stoter
    International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 29(12): 2269-2294, 2015.
    PDF   DOI     Code   Video   Award

    @article{2015_ijgis_3dgis_error_propagation,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Heuvelink, Gerard B M and Ledoux, Hugo and Stoter, Jantien},
        title = {{Propagation of positional error in 3D GIS: estimation of the solar irradiation of building roofs}},
        journal = {International Journal of Geographical Information Science},
        year = {2015},
        volume = {29},
        number = {12},
        pages = {2269--2294},
        month = dec,
        doi = {10.1080/13658816.2015.1073292}
    }

12

    Automatically enhancing CityGML LOD2 models with a corresponding indoor geometry
    Roeland Boeters, Ken Arroyo Ohori, Filip Biljecki, Sisi Zlatanova
    International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 29(12): 2248-2268, 2015.
    PDF   DOI     Code

    @article{2015_ijgis_citygml_lod2,
        author = {Boeters, Roeland and Arroyo Ohori, Ken and Biljecki, Filip and Zlatanova, Sisi},
        title = {{Automatically enhancing CityGML LOD2 models with a corresponding indoor geometry}},
        journal = {International Journal of Geographical Information Science},
        year = {2015},
        volume = {29},
        number = {12},
        pages = {2248--2268},
        month = dec,
        doi = {10.1080/13658816.2015.1072201}
    }

11

    Improving the consistency of multi-LOD CityGML datasets by removing redundancy
    Filip Biljecki, Hugo Ledoux, Jantien Stoter
    3D Geoinformation Science, 1-17, 2015.
    PDF   DOI     Timelapse

    @incollection{2015_3dgeoinfo_citygml_consistency,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Ledoux, Hugo and Stoter, Jantien},
        title = {{Improving the Consistency of Multi-LOD CityGML Datasets by Removing Redundancy}},
        booktitle = {3D Geoinformation Science},
        year = {2015},
        editor = {Breunig, Martin and Mulhim, Al-Doori and Butwilowski, Edgar and Kuper, Paul Vincent and Benner, Joachim and H{\"a}fele, Karl-Heinz},
        pages = {1--17},
        publisher = {Springer International Publishing},
        doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-12181-9_1}
    }

10

    Modeling a 3D city model and its levels of detail as a true 4D model
    Ken Arroyo Ohori, Hugo Ledoux, Filip Biljecki, Jantien Stoter
    ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 4(3): 1055-1075, 2015.
    PDF   DOI     Code   Open access

    @article{2015_ijgi_4d_model,
        author = {Arroyo Ohori, Ken and Ledoux, Hugo and Biljecki, Filip and Stoter, Jantien},
        title = {{Modeling a 3D City Model and Its Levels of Detail as a True 4D Model}},
        journal = {ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information},
        year = {2015},
        volume = {4},
        number = {3},
        pages = {1055--1075},
        month = jul,
        doi = {10.3390/ijgi4031055}
    }

09

    Automatic semantic-preserving conversion between OBJ and CityGML
    Filip Biljecki, Ken Arroyo Ohori
    Eurographics Workshop on Urban Data Modelling and Visualisation, 25-30, 2015.
    PDF   DOI     Code  

    @inproceedings{2015_udmv_citygml_obj,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Arroyo Ohori, Ken},
        title = {{Automatic Semantic-preserving Conversion Between OBJ and CityGML}},
        booktitle = {Eurographics Workshop on Urban Data Modelling and Visualisation 2015},
        year = {2015},
        pages = {25--30},
        address = {Delft, Netherlands},
        doi = {10.2312/udmv.20151345},
        month = nov
    }

08

    Visibility analysis in a point cloud based on the medial axis transform
    Ravi Peters, Hugo Ledoux, Filip Biljecki
    Eurographics Workshop on Urban Data Modelling and Visualisation, 7-12, 2015.
    PDF   DOI    

    @inproceedings{2015_udmv_lidar_visibility,
        author = {Peters, Ravi and Ledoux, Hugo and Biljecki, Filip},
        title = {{Visibility Analysis in a Point Cloud Based on the Medial Axis Transform}},
        booktitle = {Eurographics Workshop on Urban Data Modelling and Visualisation 2015},
        year = {2015},
        pages = {7--12},
        address = {Delft, Netherlands},
        doi = {10.2312/udmv.20151342},
        month = nov
    }

07

    Installed base registration of decentralised solar panels with applications in crisis management
    Rosann Aarsen, Milo Janssen, Myron Ramkisoen, Filip Biljecki, Wilko Quak, Edward Verbree
    Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XL-3/W3: 219-223, 2015.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2015_gi4dm_pv_database,
        author = {Aarsen, R and Janssen, M and Ramkisoen, M and Biljecki, F and Quak, W and Verbree, E},
        title = {{Installed base registration of decentralised solar panels with applications in crisis management}},
        journal = {Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        year = {2015},
        volume = {XL-3/W3},
        pages = {219--223},
        doi = {10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-3-W3-219-2015}
    }

06

    Formalisation of the level of detail in 3D city modelling
    Filip Biljecki, Hugo Ledoux, Jantien Stoter, Junqiao Zhao
    Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 48: 1-15, 2014.
    PDF   DOI  

    @article{2014_ceus_lod_formalisation,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Ledoux, Hugo and Stoter, Jantien and Zhao, Junqiao},
        title = {{Formalisation of the level of detail in 3D city modelling}},
        journal = {Computers, Environment and Urban Systems},
        year = {2014},
        volume = {48},
        pages = {1--15},
        month = nov,
        doi = {10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2014.05.004}
    }

05

    Height references of CityGML LOD1 buildings and their influence on applications
    Filip Biljecki, Hugo Ledoux, Jantien Stoter
    Proceedings of the 9th 3D GeoInfo Conference, 2014.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @inproceedings{2014_3dgeoinfo_lod1_references,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Ledoux, Hugo and Stoter, Jantien},
        title = {{Height references of CityGML LOD1 buildings and their influence on applications}},
        booktitle = {Proceedings of the 9th 3D GeoInfo Conference 2014},
        year = {2014},
        editor = {Breunig, Martin and Mulhim, Al-Doori and Butwilowski, Edgar and Kuper, Paul Vincent and Benner, Joachim and H{\"a}fele, Karl-Heinz},
        address = {Dubai, UAE},
        month = nov,
        doi = {10.4233/uuid:09d030b5-67d3-467b-babb-5e5ec10f1b38}
    }

04

    Error propagation in the computation of volumes in 3D city models with the Monte Carlo method
    Filip Biljecki, Hugo Ledoux, Jantien Stoter
    ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., II-2: 31-39, 2014.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2014_sdh_error_propagation,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Ledoux, Hugo and Stoter, Jantien},
        title = {{Error propagation in the computation of volumes in 3D city models with the Monte Carlo method}},
        journal = {ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        year = {2014},
        volume = {II-2},
        pages = {31--39},
        month = oct,
        doi = {10.5194/isprsannals-II-2-31-2014}
    }

03

    Revisiting the concept of level of detail in 3D city modelling
    Filip Biljecki, Junqiao Zhao, Jantien Stoter, Hugo Ledoux
    ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., II-2/W1: 63-74, 2013.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2013_3dgeoinfo_revisiting_lod,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Zhao, Junqiao and Stoter, Jantien and Ledoux, Hugo},
        title = {{Revisiting the concept of level of detail in 3D city modelling}},
        journal = {ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        year = {2013},
        volume = {II-2/W1},
        pages = {63--74},
        month = nov,
        doi = {10.5194/isprsannals-II-2-W1-63-2013}
    }

02

    Manipulating higher dimensional spatial information
    Ken Arroyo Ohori, Filip Biljecki, Jantien Stoter, Hugo Ledoux
    Proceedings of the 16th AGILE International Conference on Geographic Information Science, 2013.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @inproceedings{2013_agile_nd_geoinformation,
        author = {Arroyo Ohori, Ken and Biljecki, Filip and Stoter, Jantien and Ledoux, Hugo},
        title = {{Manipulating higher dimensional spatial information}},
        booktitle = {Proceedings of the 16th AGILE Conference on Geographic Information Science},
        year = {2013},
        editor = {Vandenbroucke, D and Bucher, B and Crompvoets, J},
        pages = {1--7},
        address = {Leuven, Belgium},
        month = may,
        doi = {10.4233/uuid:c4751ad5-e008-48a6-806b-af38099e0b3a}
    }

01

    Transportation mode-based segmentation and classification of movement trajectories
    Filip Biljecki, Hugo Ledoux, Peter van Oosterom
    International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 27(2): 385-407, 2013.
    PDF   DOI  

    @article{2013_ijgis_transportation_mode,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Ledoux, Hugo and van Oosterom, Peter},
        title = {{Transportation mode-based segmentation and classification of movement trajectories}},
        journal = {International Journal of Geographical Information Science},
        year = {2013},
        volume = {27},
        number = {2},
        pages = {385--407},
        month = feb,
        doi = {10.1080/13658816.2012.692791}
    }

Miscellaneous: editorials, reports, professional publications, ...

11

    Emerging topics in 3D GIS
    Filip Biljecki, Rudi Stouffs, Mohsen Kalantari
    Transactions in GIS, 25(1): 3-5, 2021.
    PDF   DOI  

    @article{2021_tgis_editorial, 
        year = {2021}, 
        title = {{Emerging topics in 3D GIS}}, 
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Stouffs, Rudi and Kalantari, Mohsen}, 
        journal = {Transactions in GIS}, 
        doi = {10.1111/tgis.12728}, 
        pages = {3--5}, 
        number = {1}, 
        volume = {25}
    }

10

    GeoBIM benchmark -- Final report
    Francesca Noardo, Ken Arroyo Ohori, Thomas Krijnen, Jantien Stoter, Claire Ellul, Lars Harrie, Filip Biljecki, Giorgio Agugiaro, Margarita Kokla
    ISPRS Scientific initiative 2019, 2020.
    PDF   Project  

    @techreport{2020_geobim_final_report,
     author = {Noardo, F and Arroyo Ohori, A and Biljecki, F and Ellul, C and Harrie, L and Krijnen, T and Kokla, M and Agugiaro, G and Stoter, J},
     institution = {ISPRS},
     title = {GeoBIM benchmark -- ISPRS Scientific initiative 2019 -- Final report},
     year = {2020}
    }

09

    ICDAR'20: Intelligent Cross-Data Analysis and Retrieval
    Minh-Son Dao, M. Fjeld, Filip Biljecki, Uraz Yavanoglu, Mianxiong Dong
    ICMR '20: Proceedings of the 2020 International Conference on Multimedia Retrieval, pp. 580–581, 2020.
    PDF   DOI  

    @inproceedings{2020_icdar_preface,
    author = {Dao, Minh-Son and Fjeld, Morten and Biljecki, Filip and Yavanoglu, Uraz and Dong, Mianxiong},
    title = {ICDAR'20: Intelligent Cross-Data Analysis and Retrieval},
    year = {2020},
    isbn = {9781450370875},
    publisher = {Association for Computing Machinery},
    address = {New York, NY, USA},
    url = {https://doi.org/10.1145/3372278.3388041},
    doi = {10.1145/3372278.3388041},
    booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2020 International Conference on Multimedia Retrieval},
    pages = {580–581},
    numpages = {2},
    location = {Dublin, Ireland},
    series = {ICMR '20}
    }

08

    Smart at Scale: Cities to Watch - 25 Case Studies
    World Economic Forum - Global Future Council on Cities and Urbanization
    Community paper, 2020.
    PDF  

    @techreport{2020_wef,
     author = {{World Economic Forum - Global Future Council on Cities and Urbanization}},
     institution = {{World Economic Forum}},
     title = {Smart at Scale: Cities to Watch - 25 Case Studies},
     year = {2020}
    }

07

    Preface
    Rudi Stouffs, Filip Biljecki, Kean Huat Soon, Victor Khoo
    Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-4/W15: 1-1, 2019.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2019_3dgeoinfo_arch_preface,
        author = {Stouffs, R and Biljecki, F and Soon, KH and Khoo, VHS},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-4-W15-1-2019},
        journal = {Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        pages = {1--1},
        title = {Preface},
        volume = {XLII-4/W15},
        year = {2019}
    }

06

    Preface
    Rudi Stouffs, Filip Biljecki, Kean Huat Soon, Victor Khoo
    ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., IV-4/W8: 1-1, 2019.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2019_3dgeoinfo_ann_preface,
        author = {Stouffs, R and Biljecki, F and Soon, KH and Khoo, VHS},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-annals-IV-4-W8-1-2019},
        journal = {ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        pages = {1--1},
        title = {Preface},
        volume = {IV-4/W8},
        year = {2019}
    }

05

    Preface - ISPRS workshop on advanced geospatial applications for smart cities and regions (SmartGeoApps 2019)
    Giorgio Agugiaro, Mila Koeva, Tu Wei, Filip Biljecki
    Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLII-2/W13: 1287-1287, 2019.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2019_gsw_preface_smartgeoapps_arch,
        author = {Agugiaro, G and Koeva, M and Wei, T and Biljecki, F},
        title = {{Preface -- ISPRS workshop on advanced geospatial applications for smart cities and regions (SmartGeoApps 2019)}},
        journal = {Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        year = {2019},
        volume = {XLII-2/W13},
        pages = {1287--1287},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-2-W13-1287-2019}
    }

04

    Preface - ISPRS workshop on advanced geospatial applications for smart cities and regions (SmartGeoApps 2019)
    Giorgio Agugiaro, Mila Koeva, Tu Wei, Filip Biljecki
    ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., IV-2/W5: 501-501, 2019.
    PDF   DOI     Open access

    @article{2019_gsw_preface_smartgeoapps,
        author = {Agugiaro, G and Koeva, M and Wei, T and Biljecki, F},
        title = {{Preface -- ISPRS workshop on advanced geospatial applications for smart cities and regions (SmartGeoApps 2019)}},
        journal = {ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci.},
        year = {2019},
        volume = {IV-2/W5},
        pages = {501--501},
        doi = {10.5194/isprs-annals-IV-2-W5-501-2019}
    }

03

    Het Level of Detail van 3D geo-informatie: een bekend maar nauwelijks onderzocht concept
    Filip Biljecki, Hugo Ledoux, Jantien Stoter
    Geo-Info, 14(5): 12-16, 2017.
    PDF  

    @article{2017_geoinfo_lod,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Ledoux, Hugo and Stoter, Jantien},
        title = {{Het Level of Detail van 3D geo-informatie: een bekend maar nauwelijks onderzocht concept}},
        journal = {Geo-Info},
        year = {2017},
        volume = {14},
        number = {5},
        pages = {12--16},
        month = nov
    }

02

    OGC CityGML Quality Interoperability Experiment
    Open Geospatial Consortium
    OGC Public Engineering Report, Document OGC 16-064, 2016.
    PDF   Web   Press release  

    @techreport{2016_ogc_qie,
        author = {{OGC}},
        title = {{OGC CityGML Quality Interoperability Experiment}},
        year = {2016},
        number = {OGC 16-064},
        editor = {Wagner, Detlev and Ledoux, Hugo},
        institution = {Open Geospatial Consortium}
    }

01

    Redefining the Level of Detail for 3D models
    Filip Biljecki, Hugo Ledoux, Jantien Stoter
    GIM International, 28(11): 21-23, 2014.
    PDF  

    @article{2014_gim_lod,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip and Ledoux, Hugo and Stoter, Jantien},
        title = {{Redefining the Level of Detail for 3D models}},
        journal = {GIM International},
        year = {2014},
        volume = {28},
        number = {11},
        pages = {21--23},
        month = nov
    }

Theses

PhD

    Level of detail in 3D city models
    Filip Biljecki (2017)
    PhD thesis, Delft University of Technology, 353 p. Defended on 2017-05-01.
    PDF (99MB)   Propositions   Low-res PDF (12MB)   DOI   TU Delft repository    
    The thesis has its dedicated page on the following link.

    @phdthesis{BiljeckiPhD,
        author = {Biljecki, Filip},
        title = {Level of detail in 3D city models},
        school = {Delft University of Technology},
        year = {2017},
        address = {Delft, the Netherlands},
        month = may,
        doi = {10.4233/uuid:f12931b7-5113-47ef-bfd4-688aae3be248},
        ISBN = {9789461868008}
    }
                                    

MSc

    Automatic segmentation and classification of movement trajectories for transportation modes
    Filip Biljecki (2010)
    MSc thesis Geomatics, Delft University of Technology, 114 p. Defended on 2010-07-02.
    PDF   DOI   TU Delft repository   Slides    
    The thesis has its dedicated page on the following link.

    @mastersthesis{BiljeckiMSc,
        title = {{Automatic segmentation and classification of movement trajectories for transportation modes}},
        school = {Delft University of Technology},
        year = {2010},
        address = {Delft, the Netherlands},
        month = jul
        doi = {10.4233/uuid:654587d2-6e93-4619-ab9a-29d95f843f35}
    }